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ESSENTIAL QUESTION

How are scientific problem solving and laboratory skills used in the chemistry industry?

Common Core Standards 2017-2018 Print Unit 2
High School - Science - Chemistry I Pre-AP - Unit 2
Scientific Measurement
This unit is designed to introduce students to the science of chemistry.
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A good understanding of scientific measurement and laboratory procedures gives students a solid foundation for learning about chemistry.  Students will become aware that the chemical industry is a result of scientific processes.  Students will develop basic mathmatical and measuring skills that are important in laboratory research.  Students should realize that success in solving chemistry problems lies in knowledge and practice.

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COMMON CORE STANDARDS Show All | Hide All | Top
STUDENT LEARNING TARGETS Show All | Hide All | Top

1.      Outline the steps of the scientific method.

2.      Form a valid hypothesis.

3.      Distinguish between a “law” and a “theory”.

4.      Identify the independent, dependent, and controlled variables in an experiment.

5.      Distinguish between experimental errors and mistakes.

6.      Describe the types of personal safety equipment used in a high school chemistry laboratory.

7.      Locate and know how to use the following safety equipment in a high school chemistry laboratory: eyewash, fume hood, safety shower, fire blanket, and fire extinguisher.

8.      Outline safe responses for administering first aid.

9.      Understand and practice safe laboratory techniques.

10.   Define the following terms related to chemical safety:  corrosive, toxic, irritant, carcinogenic, flammability, and radioactivity.

11.   Describe the purpose of and be able to read an MSDS Sheet.

12.   Read a simplified NFPA safety diamond.

13.   Identify and be able to state the function of common laboratory equipment.

14.   Differentiate between glassware that is “qualitative” and glassware that is “quantitative”.

15.   Identify the best piece of equipment to use in certain laboratory settings.

16.   Differentiate between qualitative and quantitative data.

17.   Define the terms accuracy and precision.

18.   Calculate the % error of an experimental value.

19.   Identify which pieces of equipment are more precise.

20.   Record data according to the appropriate number of significant figures.

 

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CRITICAL VOCABULARY Show All | Hide All | Top

1-English System                    

2-Celsius Scale                

3-Dependent Variable                       

4-Accuracy

5-Scientific Method                

6-Metric System                      

7-Fahrenheit Scale          

8-Control/ Constant                          

9-Precision

10-Theory                                 

11-International System(SI)           

12-Kelvin Scale             

13-Corrosive                                      

14-Meniscus

15-Natural Law                        

16-Equivalence Statement             

17-Density                       

18-Toxic                                          

19-Measurement                      

20-Uncertain Digit                          

21-Specific Gravity         

22-Flammable

23-Qualitative                           

24-Significant Figure                     

25-Organic                      

26-Carcinogenic

27-Quantitative                        

28-Dimensional Analysis                

29-Inorganic                     

30-Radioactive

31-Scientific Notation               

32-Conversion Factor                   

33-Independent Variable    

34-MSDS/ NFPA Diamond

 

 

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